חודש: נובמבר 2006

So what are they going to ask me for at my immigration marriage interview?

Immigration clients who come in for their initial attorney consultation always want to know what they will be asked to show at their interview as evidence of their marriage.  I believe that the best way to succeed at the interview is to begin preparing far in advance.  Generally, the USCIS is looking for items containing both the husband’s and wife’s names.  After we file our clients’ applications, we provide them with a list of instructions which includes suggestions for items that they may want to collect as to use as evidence of their good faith marriage at their interviews.  Some examples of documents or items containing both names include: auto insurance, health insurance, leases or mortgage/deed documents, joint bank statements, joint investments or credit card accounts, life insurance where one party is the beneficiary of the other’s policy, wills, income tax returns, joint credit card statements, joint utility bills, birth certificates of children born of the marriage, wedding and other photographs, etc.  The list can go on and on, but you can see the gist of what serves as good evidence.  Once this evidence is collected, it has to be sorted for relevancy, copied and organized.  If you make the interviewing officer’s job easy by coming to your interview prepared and organized you will see that they can make your life easier in return.


What is the USCIS premium processing service?

Premium processing can be thought of as an upgrade to certain non-immigrant and immigrant employment based visa categories.  The way that it works is that the sponsoring employer pays $1,000 to the US immigration service in exchange for a commitment to process the petition within 15 calendar days.  What does “process” mean you may ask?  It means that they will either approve, deny or request additional evidence within that time frame.  If they request additional evidence, then the 15 day clock restarts anew when they receive your reply for additional evidence.  The process is available for nearly all of the first three employment based immigrant categories (with the exception, currently, of multinational executives and managers).  It also does not apply to immigrant investors and immigrant religious workers.  Nearly all of the applicable non-immigrant employment based categories are covered.  Additionally, you can either file the premium processing request initially with your petition or you can upgrade it at any point.  It can be a real time saver.  The question to ask yourself is whether the time savings is worth $1,000.  Many times it can be.  For example, if an alien is in H-1B status that will expire in the next month or two and has an employment based immigrant petition pending, upgrading that petition through premium processing may mean that the alien can apply for adjustment of status and a work permit sooner and avoid having to renew his H-1B status and the costs associated with it.


What is being done about the lack of H-1B and Employment-Based immigrant visas?

As many of our readers are aware, there is an artificially set number of H-1B visas available each fiscal year, 85,000 to be exact.  Of these, some are set aside for people who graduated with Masters’ degrees in the US and some are put aside for Chile and Singapore free trade agreements.  The fiscal year runs from October 1 to September 30.  Six months prior to the beginning of the fiscal year, one may submit a new (as opposed to renewal or extension) H-1B petition.  As mentioned in our blog post from earlier this year, the season only lasted about seven weeks.  Think about how few visas are available for this big country.  These are jobs that are only for professionals.  This means we’re turning away talent rather than keeping it here.  On the same note, employment based immigrant visas are backlogged in several categories.  For jobs that require education and/or experience (but something less than a Master’s degree or equivalent) there is a backlog of more than four years.  This basically means that the labor certification process is theoretically flawed.  An employer goes through a detailed process of showing that it cannot find an employee who meets certain minimum qualifications (of which of course, the foreign national possesses).  Then, after having proved this, the process is relatively on hold for four years.  The American Immigration Lawyers Association recently posted a letter to Congress from nearly one thousand businesses, schools and hospitals in the US complaining about these backlogs and shortfalls and asking for relief.  If we as a country are going to have these categories in place, should we not at least make sufficient visas available so that they can be used as intended?


If it’s too good to be true then it is: The Unauthorized Practice of Law

I am angry right now and I’ll tell you why.  I just met with a potential client who wasted significant time and money by obtaining advice from a non-lawyer rather than a qualified immigration attorney.  The person who came to visit me arrived in the US about two years ago and his lawful stay expired about a year and a half ago.  Around the time his status was to expire, he paid several thousand dollars to a non-lawyer who blindly told him to sign a form that that person had prepared that would lead to a work permit in the US.  If it’s too good to be true then it is.  The form that this person signed was an application for a process designed for people who arrived in the US before 1982 (when this particular applicant would have been only a small child).  He was not even remotely eligible for this process.  Non-lawyers prey upon uninformed people by promising them unachievable results for large sums of money and of course, they never deliver.  They call themselves, notaries, notarios, immigration consultants, etc.  The bottom line is that unless they have a law degree that allows them to practice law in the US, they are not qualified to give advice.  State legal bar associations, to differing degrees, seek out these non-lawyers for prosecution.  The State Bar of Texas actively pursues violators of their statute.  The previous link is to an article on their web site related to the unlawful practice of law.  The Florida Bar also pursues violators of Florida law related to this matter.  The bottom line is that people should seek immigration advice only from qualified immigration attorneys.  In my immigration practice, I have a number of cases  devoted to fixing the damage that non-lawyers have done to people’s cases.  Sometimes, the damage is so great that it cannot be fixed.


Will the party shift in Congress affect immigration reform?

As we all now know, the Democrats have won majority control of both the US House of Representatives and the Senate.  Last year the House passed a restrictionist only immigration bill.  Earlier this year, the Senate passed a more comprehensive immigration bill that included a guest worker program and other forms of relief.  Before either of these can become law, the two houses of the legislature must meet to reconcile the differences between the two bills and present a final version for the President to either sign or veto.  Unfortunately, for reasons of politics and elections amongst others, this has not yet come to pass.  Overall, Democrats have been more willing to work on the immigration issue in a positive and less restrictionist manner.  Additionally the President has shown great interest in passing an immigration bill that includes guest worker provisions amongst other real life, realistic solutions to our country’s immigration issues.  Perhaps the recent change in the balance of power in Congress will bring this issue back to the forefront.